A return to normalcy is drawing closer with news that the United States could distribute up to 500 million vaccine doses by the end of June. This number would mean there’s enough product on the market to vaccinate the country’s entire adult population, potentially ending the pandemic.
From there, pockets of virus infections could pop up in schools or within the unvaccinated population. Still, the numbers would be far lower, and hospitals would certainly have the capacity to handle these patients.
The result should be a significant reopening of businesses around the country—and a potential boom. But public debt is at record levels, and low interest rates may rise. What could all this mean for the economy?
There are arguments suggesting that we could experience a period of inflation, while a few analysts posit we might even be in store for deflation. Here’s a look at both of these possibilities, along with what they might mean for the commercial real estate industry.
The main argument in favor of inflation in the near future involves the influence of debt and quantitative easing (QE) on the economy. This process injects money into the marketplace to stimulate spending. Those who believe inflation is on the horizon suggest that QE almost certainly leads to inflation, particularly affecting the stock and real estate markets.
Another reason for potential inflation is lower interest rates. Money is incredibly inexpensive to borrow right now, typically leading to more of it making its way into the economy. However, as businesses spend more of this borrowed money, it creates a tower of debt. (The same, of course, is true for the federal government.)
If repaying this debt becomes too much of a burden, the system may be severely strained. At this point, inflation is likely to follow because the only thing that reduces the debt burden at the government level is the decreasing value of money.
This theory on inflation may take years to manifest. But there is also a possibility we could see it starting to take hold in the early days of the post-pandemic world.
Will people be so happy to return to normal that they frequent restaurants and buy items they can’t afford?
How quickly can businesses return to normal, and can they repay the loans they’ve received?
Will the government debt spiral have premature consequences?
Despite many concerns about inflation, other economists feel that the COVID recovery process won’t increase inflationary pressures for a couple of reasons.
First, there could be lower consumer demand for goods and services than expected because people simply don’t have the money due to unemployment. Some individuals could be reluctant to return to normal, too, until there’s more data supporting the vaccine’s efficacy.
In this situation, lower consumer demand would offset the inflationary boost of an increased money supply. As a result, dollars won’t change hands at extreme accelerating rates, and there might not be significant inflation. There could even be deflation if spending drops far below expectations as we move into the summer months.
Second, even if the economy does recover rapidly and consumer spending increases right away, a good proportion of businesses will remain in a recovery period for the remainder of the year. These entities may not have to borrow as much, limiting their new debt while using the influx of consumer cash to pay down their existing debt.
These arguments suggest an increase in available cash will go toward recovery rather than factors that drive inflation. An increase in consumer spending may also decrease the reliance on borrowed money moving forward.
Commercial real estate investors will want to keep a keen eye on this situation. Lower than average interest rates can create prime borrowing opportunities on available properties, but they’re only worth an investment if economic recovery leads to demand for the specific spaces.
Questions about whether businesses will recover rapidly and expand or stay in a holding pattern for the rest of 2021 remain, so monitoring developments is essential.
It’s also worth noting that income-generating CRE is a reliable hedge against inflation because rental prices increase with inflation. As a result, investors don’t necessarily have to worry about the devaluation of money outpacing their returns.
Monitoring or expanding your real estate portfolio during this recovery period calls for significant due diligence, as recovery will likely be different all over the country. Morris Southeast Group can help you keep an eye on the post-COVID environment and determine whether a specific investment makes sense.
It goes without saying that 2020 was an incredibly challenging year for many brick-and-mortar retailers as pandemic-related restrictions made turning a profit an uphill battle.
Although recovery likely won’t be linear, and some sectors will get back to pre-COVID levels faster than others, 2021 should see cities all over the country lift these restrictions and allow businesses to operate at normal levels.
The commercial real estate industry could see vacancies fall as a result. Nevertheless, some of the economic pain was delayed as businesses struggled to get to the other side of the pandemic—so additional foreclosures are in the cards. And some risk factors remain, including coronavirus variants extending lockdowns and online shopping becoming an even more common replacement for brick-and-mortar options.
Here’s a look at what we might expect from the retail industry in 2021:
It’s reasonable (though not certain or specific) to expect a broad economic recovery in 2021, as more people will return to work, more businesses will reopen, and more money is pushed into the economy.
Naturally, this bounce-back will rely on a successful vaccine rollout and these shots working to control emerging COVID variants. There is a reason for optimism, though, as President Joe Biden believes there will be enough doses for every adult in the country by the end of May. Nevertheless, as with the recession, a recovery could be incredibly uneven depending on the industry.
Overall, retail sales recovered adequately after the initial lockdowns in April 2020, with spending exceeding pre-pandemic peaks in July and August. These numbers happened even with restrictions in place in much of the country, so high retail sales numbers should be expected this year.
At the same time, not every retail sector did well. For example, clothing store sales were over 21% lower than their pre-pandemic levels. In contrast, home improvement shops, grocery stores, and sporting goods retailers had higher-than-average sales last summer. Of course, e-commerce took off during the pandemic, securing a larger piece of the retail pie than ever before. And it’s a safe bet that online shopping will continue to grow because more people are comfortable with it, accelerating this fundamental shift.
It should come as no surprise that online purchases increased by over 30 percentage points at the height of COVID, as many consumers had no choice but to buy their goods digitally.
What’s noteworthy about these numbers is that some of the most significant gains were in the personal care, pharmaceutical, home furniture, and electronics industries, so people were buying everything from essential goods to luxury items online.
Jessica Liu, co-president at the e-commerce multinational Lazada Group, projects not only will more people shop online in 2021 than ever before, but local small and medium-sized businesses will have to get in on the action to stay afloat. The trend will create an even more robust online shopping environment where consumers don’t necessarily have to rely on Amazon and other e-commerce giants.
As it stands, there could be tremendous upside in commercial real estate investment in 2021, particularly in the latter half of the year. However, it could take some creativity to determine how to leverage the recovery—and where it will occur—when shopping returns to stores.
If online shopping remains as popular as it has been during the pandemic, warehouses and fulfillment centers will continue to be a good investment as more stores—both e-commerce and newly hybrid retailers—will need these spaces.
Likewise, there is a strong assumption that consumers have been missing the in-person shopping experience. So the broader brick-and-mortar retail environment may return to pre-pandemic levels, even in hard-hit sectors like clothing. Investors will want to keep tabs on the latest trends, as we’re entering a once-in-a-generation recovery period that could go a number of ways.
Since so much will likely change in the retail environment in 2021, flexibility likely remains paramount—and due diligence certainly will. Consumers have never had as many choices when seeking goods, and the entire globe is now a marketplace that can serve buyers anywhere. Commercial real estate investors must carefully evaluate individual investment opportunities and assess how consumers want to do their shopping if they consider retail-related properties.
Morris Southeast Group has the insight, market knowledge, and resources to guide you through the real estate decision-making process. Call us at 954.474.1776 to inquire about the current trends in South Florida CRE. You can also contact Ken Morris directly at 954.240.4400 or email@example.com.
Although it appears as though most of the American population will have access to a COVID-19 vaccine by the summer, many questions remain.
First, the vaccines might not work as well on some of the virus’s emerging variants, particularly if it mutates further in the coming months. Second, the vaccines might not prevent the virus from spreading, making it essential to protect those who have not received their doses. Finally, it could take the public some time to return to normal psychologically—individuals may not feel completely safe while gathering.
In the workplace, this means social distancing practices could remain necessary in the coming months and beyond. Property managers should be aware that many companies will want to put social distancing protocols in place as employees return to the office. Businesses looking to lease offices may need to evaluate spaces with these considerations in mind.
Here’s a look at some layout tips for organizations looking to socially distance while keeping the workplace attractive and productive:
One of the most important protocols to follow in a socially distanced office is the six-foot rule, where all workspaces are at least six feet apart. It’s goal, of course, is to keep employees away from each other physically, minimizing direct person-to-person transmission.
When designing a socially distanced office, the main thing to remember is that there must be space between desks and workspaces. However, the design can maintain a sense of community within the office by offering larger communal areas where it remains possible to have a socially distanced conversation.
Open-concept offices may have lost favor in the past decade, but many are paying dividends now because they tend to be adaptable. The floorplan allows companies to space people out while erecting temporary barriers. Adding closed offices and creating meeting spaces with six feet between seats are also options.
It isn’t always possible to stay six feet apart, particularly in a busy or small office space. As a result, installing the aforementioned physical barriers could become necessary for some companies. The type of physical barrier depends on how the business operates.
For example, in an open-style office, installing plexiglass barriers between workspaces that are facing each other is one way to keep some collaboration while mitigating the spread of virus particles. Other companies might opt for cubicles or closed offices.
Of course, constructing closed offices is a significant renovation when done on a large area. However, adding a few semi-closed spaces may create the best of both worlds for certain buildings and tenants.
Every office has high-traffic areas that act as a gathering space or bottleneck. These locations could be hallways, elevators, specific desks, or the breakroom. Large lines of desks can also turn into high-traffic areas where workers are always passing each other as they attempt to reach their workspaces.
By eliminating some of these high-traffic areas, designers can reduce employees’ chances of getting too close and spreading COVID. But a more practical option is often setting and enforcing social-distancing rules for employees who use these spaces.
When re-configuring an office, look for locations with worn carpet or floors. This damage indicates that the area is a high-traffic spot that should adapt to prevent too many people from passing each other or gathering. Removing desks or chairs from these locations may be a good start, as it eliminates reasons for people to stop and linger.
Meeting spaces will be necessary to make in-person collaboration possible, of course. Again, procedures and adaptations are called for.
As a rule, meetings must be small enough to socially distance in a given space. And instead of putting numerous employees in a single room for large-scale meetings, spreading everyone out and augmenting the audience with technology makes a lot of sense.
Finally, many companies are leveraging outdoor meeting spaces because of the virus’s spread via circulating indoor air. Properties with appropriate outdoor areas—roof decks, large patios, etc.—could be a valuable amenity with added seating. This may be less practical in South Florida as we hit our brutal summer, but it is an option well into spring in most areas of the country.
As more employees return, businesses may be looking for additional space to keep their workers distanced. While some companies opt to let a percentage of staff work from home, others will seek larger offices or flexible space in the same building.
Having flexible office layouts allows property owners to rent out space as a service. In this set-up, a business may lease temporary space in the building for meetings, collaborative projects, or overflow offices. Such flexible spaces could remain in demand as companies look for creative ways to keep their employees separated, while providing alternative revenue streams for property owners.
Companies’ wants and needs are continually evolving, and the next few months will undoubtedly see many things change.
Will corporations let the majority of employees stay home?
Is flexible office space a durable trend or will the pandemic’s end put highly customized offices back in vogue?
Is some form of COVID-19 here to stay?
There’s still a lot to be determined, but Morris Southeast Group is monitoring the situation and works to provide the insights you need to create attractive spaces for tenants. For more information, reach out to us at 954.474.1776. You can also contact Ken Morris directly at 954.240.4400 or firstname.lastname@example.org.